WHAT IS NUMERACY?
Numerate behavior involves:
managing a situation or solving a problem in a real context
identifying or locating
to information about mathematical ideas
quantity and number
dimension and shape
pattern and relationships
data and chance
that is represented in a range of ways
objects and pictures
numbers and symbols
diagrams and maps
and requires activation of a range of enabling knowledge, behaviors, and processes.
mathematical knowledge and understanding
mathematical problem-solving skills
beliefs and attitudes.
Source: Gal, I., van Groenestijn, M., Manly, M., Schmitt, M.J., and Tout, D. (1999). Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey Numeracy Framework Working Draft. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
The Components of Numeracy (2006) - Lynda Ginsburg, Myrna Manly, and Mary Jane Schmitt
What is the nature of the components specific to adult numeracy that are inherent in numeracy practice and essential to frame a vision that can be used to inform and guide instructional practice, further research, and assessment development? That is the question Lynda Ginsburg, Myrna Manly, and Mary Jane Schmitt focused on as they considered the nature of numeracy. Their study highlights a critical area of adult education that has been largely ignored, under-funded, and under-studied. Their results can serve as a conceptual framework within which to situate research into both adult numeracy development and recommendations for instructional practices.
The Inclusion of Numeracy in Adult Basic Education (2002) - Dave Tout and Mary Jane Schmitt
Numeracy, as defined in this paper, should be viewed as part of the core skill base of any literate individual. Without the emphasis on numeracy as a core essential skill, one that is critical for adults in society, ABE will be unable to fulfill its promise as a second chance for all the adults who choose to participate.
Adult Numeracy Instruction: A New Approach (December 1994)
Working Conference on Adult Mathematical Literacy (March 1994)
Math & Democracy: The Case for Quantitative Literacy: A collection of essays and articles, edited by Lynn Arther Steen.